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MySQL中DATE_FORMATE函数使用时的注意点

来源:建站教学网  时间:2019-03-14 10:40:16

今天帮同事处理一个SQL(简化过后的)执行报错:

mysql> select date_format('2013-11-19','Y-m-d') > timediff('2013-11-19', '2013-11-20');                     ERROR 1267 (HY000): Illegal mix of collations (utf8_general_ci,COERCIBLE) and (latin1_swedish_ci,NUMERIC) for operation '>'

乍一看挺莫名其妙的,查了下手册,发现有这么一段:

The language used for day and month names and abbreviations is controlled by the value of the lc_time_names system variable (Section 9.7, “MySQL Server Locale Support”).

The DATE_FORMAT() returns a string with a character set and collation given by character_set_connection and collation_connection so that it can return month and weekday names containing non-ASCII characters.

也就是说,DATE_FORMATE() 函数返回的结果是带有字符集/校验集属性的,而 TIMEDIFF() 函数则没有字符集/校验集属性,我们来验证一下:

mysql> set names utf8;mysql> select charset(date_format('2013-11-19','Y-m-d')), charset(timediff('2013-11-19', '2013-11-20'));+--------------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+| charset(date_format('2013-11-19','Y-m-d')) | charset(timediff('2013-11-19', '2013-11-20')) |+--------------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+| utf8                    | binary                    |+--------------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+mysql> set names gb2312;mysql> select charset(date_format('2013-11-19','Y-m-d')), charset(timediff('2013-11-19', '2013-11-20'));+--------------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+| charset(date_format('2013-11-19','Y-m-d')) | charset(timediff('2013-11-19', '2013-11-20')) |+--------------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+| gb2312                   | binary                    |+--------------------------------------------+-----------------------------------------------+

可以看到,随着通过 SET NAMES 修改 character_set_connection、collation_connection  值,DATE_FORMAT() 函数返回结果的字符集也跟着不一样。在这种情况下,想要正常工作,就需要将结果进行一次字符集转换,例如:

mysql> select date_format('2013-11-19','Y-m-d') > convert(timediff('2013-11-19', '2013-11-20') using utf8);+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+| date_format('2013-11-19','Y-m-d') > convert(timediff('2013-11-19', '2013-11-20') using utf8) |+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+|                                              1 |+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

就可以了 :)

责任编辑:自由哥

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